located in the central region of Cuba. It
has an extension of 6 732,35 sq km (2600 sq mi) and an estimated
population of 451 644 inhabitants (1996). The province ranks
eighth in extension and twelfth in population.
The relief presents a great diversity. In the northern section
we find a narrow strip of Cuba's central northern plain, which
is interrupted by the heights of the same name and where the
Sierra de Bamburanao and Meneses-Cueto outstand. More to the
center we find the hills of Fomento and immediately after
those of Guamuhaya. This territory comprises the eastern section
of the Trinidad mountains and its highest peak, the Potrerillo,
reaching 931 m (3054 ft) of height; the Agabama
valley; and the western section of the Sancti Spíritus
heights. To the southwest and occupying a coastal strip south
from the city of Trinidad, we find the Sancti Spíritus
plain, which has low and swampy zones, and going east we find
the Jíbaro plain.
The hydrography of the province is represented by extense
rivers among which the Jatibonico del Norte, Higuanojo, Yayabo,
Jatibonico del Sur, and Zaza are the most important. The latter
retains its waters in a dam named after the river, which is
the biggest in the country.
Economical activity is characterized by cattle raising, as
well as sugar and agricultural production.